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Other titles in the Contributions to the Study of Education series:
Contributions to the Study of Education #71: Resource Allocation and Productivity in Education: Theory and Practice
Synopses & Reviews
Resource allocation decisions made by school boards, principals, and teachers are critical for they determine the adequacy and equity of resources actually made available for specific schools, educational programs and individual students. The most important resources are often concealed by aggregate state or district measures such as dollars per student. For these decisions, the most important resources are elements such as basic and supplemental staffing levels, staff time, funding amounts for textbooks and supplies, selection of new equipment (particularly technology), and support for new or renovated facilities.
The authors review current practices at each important decision-making level in school districts, from the school board to the classroom. At each juncture, the findings are interpreted to reveal both the causes of the practices and their implications for improving school effectiveness. This book provides new research in helping to inform and improve resource allocation practices in schools. The general conclusion is that improvement in the resource allocation practices in education requires a shift in focus to resultS≪/i> instead of inputS≪/i>, a strong emphasis on student learning as the primary focus of decisions, and systematic evaluation of results.
Book News Annotation:
Presents research and analysis on the processes affecting educational productivity. Early chapters set the stage by discussing policy, political, and information problems affecting the pursuit of educational productivity. Next, actual resource allocation is examined in a series of chapters dealing with each of the primary organizational levels within the local educational system. A conclusion offers a conceptual synthesis and a policy framework for school resource allocation.
Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
While much of the research on resource allocation in the past has been concerned with state and national decisions, this book focuses on resource allocation decisions at the micro-level in education. Decisions made at the district, school, and classroom levels determine the adequacy and equity of resources actually made available to educational programs and individual students. This book shows how and why these decisions are made and their impact on schools and students.
New research about micro-level resource allocation decisions in education. At each level, the findings suggest causes of the practices and implications for improving school effectiveness.
About the Author
WILLIAM LOWE BOYD is Distinguished Professor of Education at Pennsylvania State University, where he specializes in research and teaching on educational policy and politics.
Table of Contents
Introduction and Overview by William Lowe Boyd and William T. Hartman
Productive Schools from a Policy Perspective: Desiderata, Designs, and Dilemmas by William Lowe Boyd
The Politics of Educational Productivity by William Lowe Boyd and William Hartman
The New Politics of Information in Education: Five Dimensions of the Change from District-Level to School-Site Financial Analysis by E. Vance Randall, Bruce S. Cooper, Sheree T. Speakman, and Deborah Rosenfield
The Role of the School Board in Resource Allocation by Elaine M. Chichura and William T. Hartman
Reconciling Equity and Excellence: Resource Distribution in School Districts by Peter Coleman, Stephan Easton, and Linda LaRocque
Understanding Resource Allocation in High Schools by William T. Hartman
Allocation and Distribution of Resources in High Schools by M. Barbara Sartori
Transcending the Effects of School Size on the High School Curriculum by David H. Monk
Resource Use and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools by Richard A Rossmiller
A Policy Framework for School Resource Allocation by Douglas E. Mitchell
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