Synopses & Reviews
Using a design-oriented approach that addresses geotechnical, structural, and construction aspects of foundation engineering, this book explores practical methods of designing structural foundations, while emphasizing and explaining how and why foundations behave the way they do. It explains the theories and experimental data behind the design procedures, and how to apply this information to real-world problems. Covers general principles (performance requirements, soil mechanics, site exploration and characterization); shallow foundations (bearing capacity, settlement, spread footings -- geotechnical design, spread footings -- structural design, mats); deep foundations (axial load capacity -- full-scale load tests, static methods, dynamic methods; lateral load capacity; structural design); special topics (foundations on weak and compressible soils, foundation on expansive soils, foundations on collapsible soils); and earth retaining structures (lateral earth pressures, cantilever retaining walls, sheet pile walls, soldier pile walls, internally stabilized earth retaining structures). For geotechnical engineers, soils engineers, structural engineers, and foundation engineers.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 760-780) and index.
Table of Contents
(NOTE: Most chapters include Questions and Practice Problems, Summary, and Comprehensive Questions and Practice Problems.
I. GENERAL PRINCIPLES. 1. Foundations in Civil Engineering.
The Emergence of Modern Foundation Engineering. The Foundation Engineer. Uncertainties. Building Codes. Classification of Foundations. 2. Performance Requirements.
Design Loads. Strength Requirements. Serviceability Requirements. Constructibility Requirements. Economic Requirements. 3. Soil Mechanics.
Soil Composition. Soil Classification. Groundwater. Stress. Compressibility and Settlement. Strength. 4. Site Exploration and Characterization.
Site Exploration. Laboratory Testing. In-Situ Testing. Synthesis of Field and Laboratory Data. Economics.
II. SHALLOW FOUNDATION ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. 5. Shallow Foundations.
Spread Footings. Mats. Bearing Pressure. 6. Shallow Foundations—Bearing Capacity.
Bearing Capacity Failures. Bearing Capacity Analyses in Soil—General Shear Case. Groundwater Effects. Allowable Bearing Capacity. Selection of Soil Strength Parameters. Bearing Capacity Analyses—Local and Punching Shear Cases. Bearing Capacity on Layered Soils. Accuracy of Bearing Capacity Analyses. Bearing Spreadsheet. 7. Shallow Foundations—Settlement.
Design Requirements. Overview of Settlement Analysis Methods. Induced Stresses beneath Shallow Foundations. Settlement Analyses Based on Laboratory Tests. Settlement Spreadsheet. Settlement Analyses Based on In-Situ Tests. Schmertmann Spreadsheet. Settlement of Foundations of Stratified Soils. Differential Settlement. Rate of Settlement. Accuracy of Settlement Predictions. 8. Spread Footings—Geotechnical Design.
Design for Concentric Downward Loads. Design for Eccentric or Moment Loads. Design for Shear Loads. Design for Wind or Seismic Loads. Lightly-Loaded Footings. Footings on or near Slopes. Footings on Frozen Soils. Footings on Soils Prone to Scour. Footings on Rock. 9. Spread Footings—Structural Design.
Selection of Materials. Basis for Design Methods. Design Loads. Minimum Cover Requirements and Standard Dimensions. Square Footings. Continuous Footings. Rectangular Footings. Combined Footings. Lightly-Loaded Footings. Connections with the Superstructure. 10. Mats.
Rigid Methods. Nonrigid Methods. Determining the Coefficient of Subgrade Reaction. Structural Design. Settlement. Bearing Capacity.
III. DEEP FOUNDATION ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. 11. Deep Foundations.
Types of Deep Foundations and Definitions. Load Transfer. Piles. Drilled Shafts. Caissons. Mandrel-Driven Thin-Shells Filled with Concrete. Auger-Cast Piles. Pressure-Injected Footings. Pile-Supported and Pile-Enhanced Mats. Anchors. 12. Deep Foundations—Structural Integrity.
Design Philosophy. Loads and Stresses. Piles. Drilled Shafts. Caps. Grade Beams. 13. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Static Load Tests.
Load Transfer. Conventional Load Tests. Interpretation of Test Results. Mobilization of Soil Resistance. Instrumented Load Tests. Osterberg Load Tests. When and Where to Use Full-Scale Load Tests. 14. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Analytical Methods.
Changes in Soil during Construction. Toe Bearing. Side Friction. Upward Load Capacity. Analyses Based on CPT Results. Group Effects. Settlement. 15. Deep Foundations—Axial Load Capacity Based on Dynamic Methods.
Pile-Driving Formulas. Wave Equation Analyses. High-Strain Dynamic Testing. Low-Strain Dynamic Testing. Conclusions. 16. Deep Foundations—Lateral Load Capacity.
Batter Piles. Response to Lateral Loads. Methods of Evaluating Lateral Load Capacity. p-y Method. Evans and Duncan's Method. Group Effects. Improving Lateral Capacity. 17. Deep Foundations—Design.
Design Service Loads and Allowable Definitions. Subsurface Characterization. Foundation Type. Lateral Load Capacity. Axial Load Capacity. Driveability. Structural Design. Special Design Considerations. Verification and Redesign during Construction. Integrity Testing.
IV. SPECIAL TOPICS. 18. Foundations on Weak and Compressible Soils.
Deep Foundations. Shallow Foundations. Floating Foundations. Soil Improvement. 19. Foundations on Expansive Soils.
The Nature, Origin, and Occurrence of Expansive Soils. Identifying, Testing, and Evaluating Expansive Soils. Estimating Potential Heave. Typical Structural Distress Patterns. Preventive Design and Construction Measures. Other Sources of Heave. 20. Foundations on Collapsible Soils.
Origin and Occurrence of Collapsible Soils. Identification, Sampling, and Testing. Wetting Processes. Settlement Computations. Collapse in Deep Compacted Fills. Preventive and Remedial Measures. 21. Reliability-Based Design.
Methods. LRFD for Structural Strength Requirements. LRFD for Geotechnical Strength Requirements. Serviceability Requirements. The Role of Engineering Judgement. Transition of LRFD.
V. EARTH RETAINING STRUCTURE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. 22. Earth-Retaining Structures.
Externally Stabilized Systems. Internally Stabilized Systems. 23. Lateral Earth Pressures.
Horizontal Stresses in Soil. Classical Lateral Earth Pressure Theories. Lateral Earth Pressures in Soils with c …ô and … …ô 0. Equivalent Fluid Method. Presumptive Lateral Earth Pressures. Lateral Earth Pressures from Surcharge Loads. Groundwater Effects. Practical Application. 24. Cantilever Retaining Walls.
External Stability. Retwall Spreadsheet. Internal Stability (Structural Design). Drainage and Waterproofing. Avoidance of Frost Heave Problems. 25. Sheet Pile Walls.
Materials. Construction Methods and Equipment. Cantilever Sheet Pile Walls. Braced or Anchored Sheet Pile Walls. Appendix A: Unit Conversion Factors.
Appendix B: Computer Software.