Synopses & Reviews
This innovative anthology focuses on the enslavement, middle passage, American experience, and return to Africa of a single cultural group, the Yoruba. Moving beyond descriptions of generic African experiences, this anthology will allow students to trace the experiences of one cultural group throughout the cycle of the slave experience in the Americas. The 19 essays, employing a variety of disciplinary perspectives, provide a detailed study of how the Yoruba were integrated into the Atlantic world through the slave trade and slavery, the transformations of Yoruba identities and culture, and the strategies for resistance employed by the Yoruba in the New World.
The contributors are Augustine H. Agwuele, Christine Ayorinde, Matt D. Childs, Gibril R. Cole, David Eltis, Toyin Falola, C. Magbaily Fyle, Rosalyn Howard, Robin Law, Babatunde Lawal, Russell Lohse, Paul E. Lovejoy, Beatriz G. Mamigonian, Robin Moore, Ann O'Hear, Luis Nicolau Parés, Michele Reid, João José Reis, Kevin Roberts, and Mariza de Carvalho Soares.
Blacks in the Diaspora--Claude A. Clegg III, editor
Darlene Clark Hine, David Barry Gaspar, and John McCluskey, founding editors
About the Author
Toyin Falola, the Frances Higginbothom Nalle Centennial Professor of History at the University of Texas at Austin, is author of The Culture and Customs of Nigeria.
Matt D. Childs is Assistant Professor in Caribbean History at Florida State University.
Table of Contents
1. The Yoruba Diaspora in the Atlantic World: Methodology and Research Matt D. Childs and Toyin Falola
I. The Yoruba Homeland and Diaspora
2. The Diaspora of Yoruba Speakers, 1650 - 1865: Dimensions and Implications David Eltis
3. The Yoruba Factor in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Paul E. Lovejoy
4. The Enslavement of Yoruba Ann O'Hear
II. The Yoruba Diaspora in the Americas
5. Nagô and Mina: The Yoruba Diaspora in Brazil João José Reis and Beatriz Gallotti Mamigonian
6. The Yoruba in Cuba: Origins, Identities, and Transformations Michele Reid
7. Africans in a Colony of Creoles: The Yoruba in Colonial Costa Rica Russell Lohse
8. Yoruba in the British Caribbean: A Comparative Perspective on Trinidad and the Bahamas Rosalyn Howard
9. The Influential Yoruba Past in Haiti Kevin Roberts
III. The Cultural Foundations of the Yoruba Diaspora
10. The "Nagôization" Process in Bahian Candomblé Luis Nicolau Parés
11. Santería in Cuba: Tradition and Transformation Christine Ayorinde
12. From Gbe to Yoruba: Ethnic Change and the Mina Nation in Rio de Janeiro Mariza C. Soares
13. Yoruba Family, Gender, and Kinship Roles in New World Slavery Kevin Roberts
14. Revolution and Religion: Yoruba Sacred Music in Socialist Cuba Robin Moore
15. Reclaiming the Past: Yoruba Elements in African American Arts Babatunde Lawal
16. "Yorubaisms" in African American "Speech" Patterns Augustine H. Agwuele
IV. The Return to Yorubaland
17. Yoruba Liberated Slaves Who Returned to West Africa Robin Law
18. The Yoruba Diaspora in Sierra Leone's Krio Society C. Magbaily Fyle
19. Liberated Slaves and Islam in Nineteenth-Century West Africa Gibril R. Cole